Publication of a scientific article entitled »Material Analysis of the Remains of a Wooden Chest from the 4th Century and a Proposal for Its Reconstruction”
In December we published a scientific article in the journal “Materials” (IF = 3,748) together with the Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maribor. The authors of the article are Rebeka Rudolf, Janez Slapnik in Rajko Bobovnik You can find it (for free) at the following link: https://www.mdpi.com/1996-1944/16/1/133.
Abstract: A stone chest found in 1971 near one of the largest early Christian basilicas in Northern Dalmatia (Croatia) contained brass tiles decorated with various biblical scenes. An archaeological study confirmed the thesis that the fragments of brass tiles are most likely the remains of a wooden chest made in the 4th century AD, and that this is one of the best preserved archaeological finds of its kind in the world as one of the biblical scenes shows Mary, together with a record of her name (Maria). Based on the preserved brass tiles, a reconstruction of the wooden chest was made in 1973 with tiles glued onto a plastic frame. Subsequent studies have shown that such a reconstruction was not adequate, as some of the brass tiles were destroyed (disintegrated), and they were not connected properly into a whole that could represent the original. For the new reconstruction of this archaeological object it was necessary to carry out a material analysis, including the chemical composition of the brass tiles, as well as to find a solvent for the glue which could be used to remove the brass tiles from the plastic framework without any additional destruction. Based on extensive investigations and material analyses including the following techniques (SEM, EDX, FTIR, DSC), the starting points for the restoration process of the wooden chest with brass tiles were set, as well as the proposal for the appearance of the new chest.
Presentation of a chest made of brass, where the sheet is glued to Plexiglas for the needs of the reconstruction of the existing chest in the Zadar Museum (Croatia).
This research was funded by the bilateral project BI-HR/18-19-015 (2018–2019), Grant numbers P2-0120 and I0-0029 by the Slovenian Research Agency (ARRS) and by Erasmus programme.